”The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, as well as the Paris Agreement on climate change, recognises that we can no longer look at food security and the management of natural resources separatelyJosé Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General
What are the top products of the Brazilian agriculture?
Unsustainable agricultural activities, particularly soy production and cattle ranching, pose a major threat to ecosystems and biodiversity.
These activities are responsible for the deforestation of both of the Amazon forest and the Cerrado tropical savanna. Explore how agriculture is connected to deforestation and water resources exploitation.
Has soybean production increased in the past decade? What's the role of diet habits?
Soybeans production is one of the drivers of deforestation, its production is growing exponentially and it is going to increase even more. For instance, China has increased its imports of soybean from Brazil due to the US duties.
EU imported nearly 13 million tons of soybean from Brazil in 2017. The largest European importer is the Netherlands, which then re-export to other EU countries (Rotterdam is the biggest and most important port in Europe: it works as a re-locator point: products arrive from all over the world and then are spread across EU). Spain and France are also large importers of the Brazilian soybean.
How big is meat production? Which foreign countries rely most on this production?
The growth of cattle meat production has been nearly exponential over the past decades: from a little bit more than 1 million ton per year in 1961 to almost 10 million from 2013 to 2016. Some facts:
22% of national soil is exploited by great properties for breeding;
cattle is the main livestock: indeed, Brazil is the second largest cattle meat producer in the world;
in Brazil there are the largest (by sales) meat processing company in the world, producing factory processed beef (and other meats) and also selling by-products from the processing of these meats.